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Forklift (Powered Industrial Truck) Safety Training


Powered Industrial Truck Operator Training (OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178 & 1926.602(d)): Employers shall ensure that each powered industrial truck operator is competent to operate a powered industrial truck safely, as demonstrated by completion of training and evaluation.

Training elements include:

  • Formal instruction,

  • Demonstrations performed by the trainer,

  • Practical exercises performed by the trainee, and

  • Evaluation of the operator’s performance in the workplace.

Training program content shall include:

  • Truck-related topics,

  • Workplace-related topics, and

  • Specific requirements spelled out in the standard.

Developing Your Own Training Program

Before developing your operator training program, you should become familiar with the OSHA standard for powered industrial trucks and any operator’s manuals for the equipment in your workplace.

  • Identify the types of powered industrial trucks in your workplace and those employees who will be required to operate the vehicles.

  • Identify your training methods.

  • Develop the content for your training program.

  • Provide for employee evaluation.

  • Include refresher training.

It is important to recognize that training, although essential, will not be enough to eliminate accidents. To be most effective, operator training should be part of a larger comprehensive powered industrial truck safety program that includes the following elements:

  • Hazard identification and possible solutions.

  • Training (of both truck operators and those personnel working near lift trucks) and evaluation of operator competence.

  • Supervision (site survey, ongoing hazard assessment).

  • Operating procedures (company policies, recordkeeping, safety practices).

  • Maintenance and repair procedures.

  • Facility design.

  • Lift truck selection criteria (equipment survey of truck types, attachments and modifications).

Refresher training and evaluation.

  • Refresher training, including an evaluation of the effectiveness of that training, shall be conducted as required by paragraph (l)(4)(ii) to ensure that the operator has the knowledge and skills needed to operate the powered industrial truck safely.

  • Refresher training in relevant topics shall be provided to the operator when:

  • The operator has been observed to operate the vehicle in an unsafe manner;

  • The operator has been involved in an accident or near-miss incident;

  • The operator has received an evaluation that reveals that the operator is not operating the truck safely;

  • The operator is assigned to drive a different type of truck; or

  • A condition in the workplace changes in a manner that could affect safe operation of the truck.

  • An evaluation of each powered industrial truck operator’s performance shall be conducted at least once every three years.

Avoidance of duplicative training. If an operator has previously received training in a topic specified in paragraph (l)(3) of this section, and such training is appropriate to the truck and working conditions encountered, additional training in that topic is not required if the operator has been evaluated and found competent to operate the truck safely.

Certification. The employer shall certify that each operator has been trained and evaluated as required by this paragraph (l). The certification shall include the name of the operator, the date of the training, the date of the evaluation, and the identity of the person(s) performing the training or evaluation.

OSHA Powered Industrial Truck e-Tool

Training Videos

Please view all videos using the "PREVIEW' version first.


If you decide a video is what you are looking for in training a group of your employees, you can then download the high resolution video version. This is important because the WV LTAP is charged per high resolution view of both the “English” and “Spanish” videos.


We are happy to offer these videos at no-cost to the local and state public works and roadway agencies located within West Virginia. Using the "Preview" version when evaluating videos allows us to keep our costs down and allows you to watch the complete video, just at a lower quality. The "Preview" version will still work great on a computer screen and helps us keep costs down and continue this program.

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